Dangerous goods transport: everything you need to know

The transport of dangerous goods requires particular caution, responsibility, and professionalism from both the shipper and the carrier. Therefore, it is essential to use equipment suitable for the specific type of dangerous goods to be transported and to strictly adhere to the ADR regulations to ensure the safety of all persons involved and the goods themselves.


Classification of dangerous goods

ADR, an acronym for “Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route” (European agreement concerning the International carriage of dangerous goods by road), concerns any substance that may pose a risk to humans, animals, and the environment, whether transported by sea, air, rail, or road. The ADR regulation sets out the rules for the classification, packaging, documentation, transportation means, and load securing methods. Dangerous goods are divided into 9 classes:

  • Class 1: Explosive substances and articles
  • Class 2: Gases
  • Class 3: Flammable liquids
  • Class 4.1: Flammable solids, self-reactive substances, polymerizing substances, and solid desensitized explosives
  • Class 4.2: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
  • Class 4.3: Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
  • Class 5.1: Oxidizing substances
  • Class 5.2: Organic peroxides
  • Class 6.1: Toxic substances
  • Class 6.2: Infectious substances
  • Class 7: Radioactive material
  • Class 8: Corrosive substances
  • Class 9: Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
Documenti necessari per il trasporto ADR internazionale merci pericolose

Necessary documents for ADR transport

For the transport of dangerous goods, the following documents are indispensable:

  • ADR Vehicle approval certificate / ADR License: this certificate confirms that the driver is authorized to transport dangerous goods and is valid for 5 years, requiring periodic updates through training courses.
  • Transport document: It must state the class of dangerous goods and the tunnel code, regulating the transit of dangerous goods through tunnels.
  • Written safety instructions: these additional documents provide detailed information about the transported product and the safety measures to be adopted.
  • Packaging and transport of dangerous goods: each class of dangerous goods has specific packaging and transport rules, including the standards for the production and inspection of containers and tanks.
  • Safety equipment: this includes safety vests, warning triangles, fire extinguishers, first aid kits, protective goggles, gloves, portable lighting devices, wheel chocks, emergency flashers, and load securing tools.

Shared responsibility in dangerous goods transport

The responsibility for complying with ADR regulations lies not only with the carrier but also with the shipper. Both parties must be well-informed about the dangerous goods to be transported to ensure safe and proper handling, preventing risks such as smoking prohibitions or maintaining appropriate transport temperatures.

A reliable partner

Safety in road transport, especially concerning dangerous goods (substances that can pose a hazard to people, animals, and the environment), is of utmost priority for Iemoli Transport. The training of personnel authorized to transport dangerous goods, the vehicles equipped with state-of-the-art safety systems, combined with a targeted selection of specific measures, allows us to meet safety requirements even beyond the standard regulations.

Contact us for more information


Via Isonzo, 13 – 22078 Turate Como (CO)

Via Alessandro Volta, 40 – 22071 Cadorago Como (CO)
Tel. +39 031 904506 – Fax +39 031 905534

email: info@iemoli.it


Via Ai Crotti, 13 – CH 6830 Chiasso
Tel. +41 (0)91 6836787 – Fax +41 (0)91 6836789


email: info@iemoli.ch

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